This is for people who now receive some form of this Critical Error after clicking the Start button.

I tried the widely circulating PowerShell command, ran sfc, ran the DISM command, tried the Safe Mode trick, etc. Everything works fine under another (created post-upgrade) user account on the machine.

Being a good little sysadmin, I looked through Event Viewer and found: Error 1542, User Profile Service, Windows cannot load classes registry file. I looked into how to address that, and the fruits of my labor resulted in this workaround that appears to make my Start Menu mostly functional again  – at least for a single login.

Start Menu search, Cortana, and the Photos app still don’t work, but at least I can generally use the PC otherwise. The issue these steps solve is how the UsrClass.dat (user account’s classes registry hive) is  not loading when the account logs on.

This workaround may not work for everyone. *Please note Step 4 and stop there if it you have 2 entries.*


Here be dragons! We are making registry modifications and this could very well damage your Windows installation. Any responsibility for these changes and any unintended effects are yours alone.


Here are the steps:

1. Login to the affected user account. Do not click the Start button.
2. Press Windows + R. Type in regedit and press Enter.
3. Navigate to  HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\hivelist
4. You should see multiple entries here. On the right, there should be two entries that correspond to your user profile. One should be named your account’s SID (something like S-1-2-3-XXXXXXXX-XXXXXXXX-XXXXX-1200) and then another with your account’s SID with _Classes on the end. If yours looks like this, this solution will not work for you. Do not proceed. If you only see one entry with the SID, but do not see the entry with     _Classes, read on. Make note of your SID.
5. Navigate to HKEY_USERS and find your SID’s key.
6. Right-click the key, click Rename and right-click+copy the contents of the text box. Then click Cancel.
7. Press Windows + R, type in notepad, and press Enter. Right-click and Paste that SID here. Leave this window open.
8. Select HKEY_USERS. Click FileConnect Hive.
9. Paste this into the File name field: %USERPROFILE%\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\UsrClass.dat and click Open.
10. When it asks what to name it, go back to the Notepad window and add _Classes on to the end of your SID. The result should look something like S-1-2-3-XXXXXXXX-XXXXXXXX-XXXXX-1200_Classes. Copy this entire line and paste it into the Regedit name box and click OK.
11. There should now be two entries under HKEY_USERS containing your SID, with one having _Classes at the end.
12. Click your Start button and see what happens.
13. If you look in HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\hivelist you will now see an entry for your SID_Classes that points to that UsrClass.dat file.

You will need to perform these steps at every login. Luckily, regedit remembers the folder location for the UsrClass.dat when you  load the hive, so all you will have to copy/paste is the SID and add _Classes to it.

Like I said above, not everything is quite working again, but this is a step in the right direction. You can now click the Start button without getting a nasty error.


There probably is a way to make this change permanent, but don’t do it unless you’re willing to risk losing the ability to login to any account, period.

For braver souls:

– Enable the built-in Administrator account.
– Setting the User Profile Service to Disabled
– Reboot, logging in as the built-in Administrator account
– Making an entry at HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\hivelist that mirrors the SID entry except with _Classes added to the end and the file location modified to point to the \AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\UsrClass.dat (like the steps above does, but leave everything before AppData on the line alone)
– Re-enabling the User Profile Service and rebooting back

I’m not sure if Windows 10 will rebel if the User Profile Service gets disabled like that and I don’t have the time to try it at the moment. Don’t try this unless you’re willing to risk not being able to login, period.

Read the Final Update below to see how to make this solution permanent.




I’ve gotten Start Menu search working, as well. After completing the main set of steps above, simply Open Task Manager, find all instances of the Windows Explorer process and End Task. Then, File – Run New Task – explorer.exe
Start Menu searching now works, as least for this logon session.
The only things not working correctly, now, are Windows Store style apps, like Photos.


Final Update

From my secondary admin account on a clean boot, I made the above registry change, as well as adding an entry to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\hivelist that mirrors the one already there, except pointing to UsrClass.dat with _Classes on the end of its name, and my user account is now permanently accessible on boot without needing to login to the other user account first.  Now everything is functional except for a few of the Win10 apps like Photos. Even Calculator and Calendar work right.











I’ve been using this keyboard, the Matias Ergo Pro, for nearly 6 months now, as my daily driver at work. This keyboard sports Matias’ Quiet Click key switches, a fully adjustable split design, tilt and tenting, and a comfortable wrist rest. Unlike most ergonomic mechanical keyboards, the Matias Ergo Pro does not deviate much from the standard QWERTY staggered key layout, making it easy for newcomers and widening its potential audience.

It looks slick and it feels well-built.  However, I have two major complaints about this keyboard.

The bridge cable

The Matias Ergo Pro utilizes a 3.5mm audio cable to connect its two sections.  This is the same standard analog audio cable you can use to hook up PC speakers or headphones. Being an analog cable, it appears to be very susceptible to EMI. Why do I say this? Because, on occasion, I have keystrokes that either fail to register or send random number keys, all from the side of the keyboard connected by the bridge cable. On my desk, I have this keyboard near my docked laptop, which must be giving off some EMI and disrupting communication over the bridge cable. I could replace the cable, but being an analog audio cable, it will be susceptible to the same problem. The only real solution might be to rearrange my desk, but that may solve the problem, either.

Key switches

For this keyboard, Matias opted for its new Quiet Click key switches. First, the positive: they don’t have the “wobble” to the keys found in Cherry MX switches. On to the negative: they require a lot of force to use. My fingers are pushing with the same, if not more, force than what would be necessary with rubber dome key switches. I’m regularly finding myself bottoming out keys by the amount of sheer effort I have to put in by pressing.  To compare it to Cherry MX, it’s somewhere near a Clear key switch.  I’m extremely surprised by how difficult these key switches are, given that this is supposed to be an ergonomic keyboard – these key switches will definitely cause some users fatigue. I feel like Matias missed the mark on ergonomics solely due to wanting to make these key switches “marketable” by making them quiet. I don’t doubt that these key switches would be a lot lighter to press if they didn’t have the “quiet” noise silencing. Unlike with Cherry MX keyboards, there are no o-rings for me to remove, so I can’t remove the sound dampening and get smoother keystrokes back.

The verdict

While I feel like this keyboard is a terrific value and fits the needs of the working professional who also wants good ergonomics, I personally enjoy typing on my Ducky Zero with Cherry MX Browns a lot more. Matias missed the mark by emphasizing the professional style of quiet clicking over good ergonomics. While I don’t believe I will try to return the keyboard, I do wish I had waited a little longer for an alternative that could have given me an easier typing experience.

“[The Native Americans] didn’t have any rights to the land and there was no reason for anyone to grant them rights which they had not conceived and were not using…. What was it they were fighting for, if they opposed white men on this continent? For their wish to continue a primitive existence, their “right” to keep part of the earth untouched, unused and not even as property, just keep everybody out so that you will live practically like an animal, or maybe a few caves above it. Any white person who brought the element of civilization had the right to take over this continent.”

– Ayn Rand, Libertarian ubermadchen


And fans ask why Ayn Rand isn’t taken seriously in academic circles.


Look, Job Creators!

Do You Know Dokdo? Written by MOON YOUNG Sung by SEO HEE

1. Dokdo/ the beautiful islands have been/ parts of Korean land
For the/ last two thousands of years./ they are Korean land
Located in/ the middle of/ East Sea we call.
They comprise/ two main isles/ East and West Islets.

Everybody/ wants to be there/’cause of the holy Sights
Everybody wants to be there/hoping to meet Seagulls.
Yes, nobody is/ greedy for them/’cause of the holy Sights.
But some people/ covet them/that is real/ nonsense!

Korea Korea/ proud to be Koreans.
I’m willing to die/ for the/ peace of /Korea.
Dokdo Dokdo/I’ll keep it for my sake.
I love I love/ Dokdo forever
I love I love/ Dokdo forever

2. Dokdo/ the peaceful islands have been/parts of Korean hearts
Since the Shilla/ King Jijung/conquered Usan Land.
Though the long/ war was over/ some ones feel no/ peace yet.
Foolish men/ start to say /silly empty talks.

Everybody/ wants to be there/’cause of the holy Sights
Everybody wants to be there/hoping to meet Seagulls.
Yes, nobody is/ greedy for them/’cause of the holy Sights.
But some people/ covet them/that is real/ nonsense!

Korea Korea/ proud to be Koreans.
I’m willing to die/ for the/ peace of /Korea.
Dokdo Dokdo/I’ll keep it for my sake.
I love I love/ Dokdo forever
I love I love/ Dokdo forever

Korea Korea/ proud to be Koreans.
I’m willing to die/ for the/ peace of /Korea.
Dokdo Dokdo/I’ll keep it for my sake.
I love I love/ Dokdo forever
I love I love/ Dokdo forever
I love I love/ Dokdo forever


Dokdo is Korean land!

Take a speedy cruiser, my friend
from the port of Ulleung island
and glide like a silver dolphin
slicing waves with its fin.

Keep running eighty-seven kilometer around
south eastern bound,
you’ll see Dokdo looking like ocean hermit
having two-little rock summit.

Mystic rocks standing tall
steep cliffs like a wall
and many white seagulls flying
got me fascinated in my mind.

This is our beautiful Dokdo where
we got to protect with care
from some Japanese pirates
coveting like the rats.

She’s been keeping us with honesty
in the east since Shilla Dynasty
like the guardian of heirs
for fifteen hundred years.

And she has many
migratory fishes in the East sea,
and a maritime petro-resources
under the bottom of the deep sea.

Do you know Dokdo in the East Sea is Korean land
We all love Dokdo and that island is our land.
Do you know Dokdo in the East Sea is Korean land
Won’t you leave for Dokdo together with our band.

I moved my site to Ramnode a little over 6 months ago. Before, I was hosting my site on a friend’s VPS, and paying for the shell service xShellz, but I decided to pay a little extra and consolidate my services. It was a great choice.

On Ramnode, I have an OpenVZ VPS with 512MB of RAM, on SSDs, running Debian. It’s extremely fast and reliable. I’m running the following services:

  • WordPress / PHP / Apache / MySQL
  • Postfix / Dovecot / Roundcube / SquirrelMail / ClamAV
  • ZNC
  • TOR relay
  • Mumble server

— all of the above on 512MB!

Anyway, I’ve been blown away by the quality and performance. They offer 2TB of bandwidth on even their lowest tiers.

I have mixed feelings about Žižek’s plagiarism of a book review in a white nationalist magazine . There have been many important intellectuals who have had similar dust-ups with minor incidents of plagiarism. Heidegger and Kierkegaard, for example, and people still read them. Everyone reads other works and borrows ideas from them without necessarily citing every single idea – we legitimately don’t remember the original source.

To put a different angle on it, who would actually want to read a book with white nationalist ties? Who would want to cite a white nationalist magazine? There were times when intellectuals were hesitant to cite anything with Buddhist origin, out of fear of looking flakey. In literature, nobody in academia would admit to reading or directly talk about fantasy and science fiction, but their pretentious counterparts, “magical realism” and “speculative fiction,” are universally acclaimed.

On the other side, though, the rules of the academy are that credit must be given to non-original ideas – always. If you or I did this on a dissertation, our academic careers would be over. Heck, people left and right are disavowing any former support for the ideas of Colin McGinn after his sex scandal, and his mistake was outside of the scope of his intellectual thought.

I want to see how the dust settles on this. I don’t feel like this should be a career-ending black mark, but it does reflect Žižek’s sloppy approach to intellectual thought and scholarship.

I wrote a letter to my local paper giving a simplified explanation of the network neutrality issue, for the low-tech crowd. You can read it below:

The FCC is considering a proposal to allow Internet service companies to give higher and lower priority status to websites who pay special fees, and to restrict consumer access to websites who don’t pay for this special status. Consumers pay for access to the Internet, which means all of the websites on it; websites pay their own Internet service costs. This proposal is akin to companies setting up an extra tollway on a road you already paid to use.
FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler is a former lobbyist for these Internet service providers. The fox is in the henhouse and the FCC is now being abused to give special kickbacks to Internet service companies, and in doing so risks the free flow of ideas in America. Your favorite websites will soon be slower or go completely dark, unless they pay the special fees. If your local Internet service company doesn’t like a website because it doesn’t agree with their politics, they can block it altogether.
The only viable solution is to reclassify Internet service as a common carrier. This would make it like phone service. Your phone company can’t decide who you can and cannot call, and Internet companies shouldn’t be able to control which Websites work and which Websites don’t.

An Open Letter to Senators Cornyn and Cruz:

On May 15, FCC chairman Tom Wheeler—who comes from the telecom industry and who will presumably return there once his term as a regulator for the telecommunications industry ends—will reveal his proposal that is expected to represent a turning point in the history of the Internet. There are indications that he will be moving us away from net neutrality—the concept that ISPs can’t prioritize or de-prioritize certain internet traffic—and towards a “commercially reasonable” litmus test. In other words, ISPs will likely be allowed to treat online traffic however they please as long as people like Tom Wheeler deem what they decide to do “commercially reasonable.”
Wheeler has been an executive at two lobbying groups: he was the President of the National Cable Television Association (NCTA) and the CEO of the Cellular Telecommunications & Internet Association (CTIA). I have to infer, based on that history and the news that he plans institute the “commercially reasonable” standard, that these new rules are designed to benefit the major telecom and ISP companies rather than the public at large.

This is a prime example of regulatory capture: the current chairman of the FCC was an executive at lobbying firms for the industry he’s now regulating. The fox is in the henhouse, and the FCC can’t be trusted to do the right thing when they’re controlled opposition for the companies they’re supposed to be keeping in check.

As such, I am asking you to introduce a simple bill that would re-classify ISPs as Title II common carriers and which would briefly clarify that ISPs may neither prioritize nor de-prioritize any information flowing through their networks.

Failing to prevent the decay of net neutrality would have widespread consequences. If the FCC is allowed to apply a “commercially reasonable” standard at Tom Wheeler’s discretion, we will see the stifling of both online activism and the free association of like-minded individuals online and, almost inevitably, an assault on the freedom of the press (Did a muckraking journalist just publish a groundbreaking investigation of the ISP industry? Guess what webpage isn’t going to be loading anytime soon.).
Please do not allow ISPs to dictate the future of the First Amendment.
Do the right thing and re-classify ISPs as common carriers.

More information can be found at